Q76-80 Learning about the US governmental structure

By
Real Estate Agent with Advantage Avenue Real Estate

Want to become a US citizen? or just curious to see how much you know about your own country? 
The following questions are meant for US immigrants applying to become US citizens to help study in preparation for their interview.
This is meant for your never ending pursuit of education only.  :-)

Question 76: What is the introduction to the Constitution called?
Question 77: Who meets in the U.S. Capitol building?
Question 78: What is the name of the President's official home?
Question 79: Where is the White House located? 
Question 80: Name one right or freedom guaranteed by the first amendment.

Scroll down to read the official answers
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Answer 76: The Preamble
The preamble says: "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America." This means that our government has been set up by the people, so that it can be responsive to them and protect their rights. All power to govern comes from the people, who are the highest power. This idea is known as "popular sovereignty."


Answer 77: Congress
In 1791, an area between Maryland and Virginia was chosen to be the new capital city. French engineer Pierre L'Enfant was hired to plan the city. While L'Enfant chose the hill on which to build the Capitol building, he was not the one to actually design the building. A doctor, William Thornton, sent in the successful plan for the Capitol. President Washington approved this design in 1793. Congress first met in the Capitol building in November of 1800.


Answer 78: The White House
The White House was built between 1792 and 1800. President George Washington helped choose its exact location and supervised its construction, but never actually lived there. America's second President, John Adams, was the first to live in the White House. Fourteen years after it was built, the White House was burned by British troops during the War of 1812. Another destructive fire took place there in 1929, when Herbert Hoover was President.


Answer 79: Washington, DC
When the Constitution established our nation in 1789, the city of Washington did not exist. At that time, the capital was New York City. Congress soon began discussing the location of a permanent capital city. Within Congress, representatives of northern states fought bitterly against representatives of southern states. Each side wanted the capital to be in their region. Finally, with the Compromise of 1790, the north agreed to let the capital be in the south. In return, the north was relieved of some of the debt that they owed from the Revolutionary War.


Answer 80: The rights of freedom of speech, of religion, of assembly, and to petition the Government
These 1st Amendment rights are all part of a citizen's freedom of expression. Protecting free expression promotes open dialogue and debate on public issues, which is at the heart of democracy. Similarly, the free flow of ideas facilitates peaceful change and advances knowledge. Also in the 1st Amendment, freedom of religion has two parts. It blocks Congress from setting up an official U.S. religion, and it protects citizens' rights to hold any religious belief, or none at all.

 

For more questions visit the Table of Contents to see the entire list of questions that have been posted so far.


Mario

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Ambassador
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Larry Bettag
Larry Bettag - Cherry Creek Mortgage - Saint Charles, IL
Regional Vice-President
This was really cool.  I'm an attorney and knew a lot, but I didn't know all...
May 16, 2007 10:00 PM #1
Rainer
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Mario Levesque
Advantage Avenue Real Estate - Wesley Chapel, FL
Tampa Realtor

Hi Larry,

Stay put, I'll be posting the rest of the questions as time becomes available.

Thanks for visiting.

Mario

May 16, 2007 10:03 PM #2
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Rainer
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Mario Levesque

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